Lead Poisoning: Reducing Risk and Minimizing Exposure

The effects of lead are cumulative, and build up in the body over the course of a lifetime. It is vital to do everything possible to reduce or eliminate exposure to this toxic metal, as it is believed to be a main contributor to Alzheimer’s disease, fertility issues in both men and women, and ADD/ADHD.

Common Products Containing Lead

Approximately 40% of American households contain lead in some form or another – from lead paint, to lead pipes, to the water that travels through those lead pipes. In addition to household exposure to lead, there are literally millions of ways the average person is exposed to lead during his/her lifetime: Some products that may carry toxic levels of lead are:

  • coffee machines
  • the colored ink on plastic grocery bags
  • bathtubs
  • newspapers, books, and magazines
  • lunchboxes
  • vinyl baby bibs
  • Christmas lights
  • lipstick
  • tobacco
  • hair dye
  • wrapping paper
  • chocolate

Lead Content in Imported Products

While products made in America must adhere to strict regulations regarding lead content, it is important to remember that the average American may use very few products that are actually produced under those guidelines. Our supermarket aisles are flooded with inexpensive products made overseas, and some of these products are literally poisonous. When in doubt, steer clear of cheaply made products manufactured in countries that have less stringent lead laws.

Lead in the Home

The US Consumer Product Safety Commission has stated, unequivocally, that there is simply no safe way for home owners to sand, scrape, or otherwise remove lead paint from their homes. If lead paint is suspected in the home, it is important to hire a professional when doing anything that may release lead into the environment. A professional will know how to seal the work area and dispose of all lead debris in a way that minimizes potential harm. In this age of do-it-yourself projects it may seem like a silly precaution to hire a professional to scrape old paint off the walls, but lead is one are where it simply does to pay to cut corners.

Natural Lead Detox

Fortunately there are some natural ways to remove lead from the body. Here are some great detoxifying agents that will provide great results in only a matter of weeks:

  • fresh cilantro
  • carlic
  • chlorella – a type of green algae
  • soaking feet in a clay bath
  • infrared saunas

When performing a lead detox, it is important to do so slowly, and over time. First and foremost, lead is a poison, and while it may be tempting to try and rid the body of this poison as quickly as possible, it is important not to overload the system by doing too much too soon.

Avoiding lead entirely may be all but impossible, but learning to recognize and sidestep the types of products that tend to be the most toxic is the first step in protecting ourselves from this deadly metal.


Hypnotic Trance States can Work for Everyone: Some Believe Hypnotherapy Works for Stress and Panic Attacks

The British Society of Clinical and Academic Hypnosis (BSCAH) in the UK shows a detailed history of hypnosis, but also outlines the types of conditions, which can be helped. Hypnosis is generally considered to be a useful form of treatment especially during childbirth, stress, anxiety, weight loss, panic attacks and irrational fears. The BSCAH would consider that hypnosis essentially involves creating a state of mind in which normal thinking is suspended temporarily. In 1966 John Hartland wrote a book titled Medical and Dental Hypnosis and was directed specifically for the medical profession.

The History of Hypnosis

The Hypnotherapist Register of UK and Ireland talk about the use of trance states being traced back to before Christ in the temples of Babylonia (now Iraq), part of the ancient empire of Mesopotamia. Mesopotamia (known as the land between the rivers) was a cultural and scientific area with a highly developed civilization, where the people would instigate dreaming to find answers to problems.

The Science of Trance Hypnotic States

The modern day science of hypnosis established itself when the Austrian Anton Mesmer (1734-1815) discovered a technique, which often induced convulsions, but also a loss of mental and physical control in his patients, However according to David Simmons who writes for the BSCAH modern hypnosis was discovered and practiced in1600 and by the mid 19th century a number of doctors were experimenting with what was being termed as autosuggestion. One such psychiatrist, Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) found hypnosis very useful with anxious, neurotic patients.

From Trance to Magic With Hypnosis

There is the more magical and natural style of hypnosis with a Milton H. Erickson (1902-80), a psychiatrist who later became a hypnotherapist. This brilliant man transformed how human reaction to stress and deep-rooted problems were addressed, by using a creative type of hypnosis others had never used. Milton H. Erickson is generally considered to be the most important hypnotherapist of modern time. His sensory perception on all levels of non-verbal communication became extremely acute; some would say magical! His heightened level of awareness helped him later when he invented non-conventional Ericksonian Hypnosis.

Indirect Verses Direct Hypnosis

The indirect approach known as Erickson hypnotherapy uses stories and metaphors, which tend to relax people into a sense of curiosity. The client slowly closes their eyes, mainly because he or she wants to absorb and listen to the story. According to The Hypnotherapy Association (UK) “Hypnosis is a natural state of heightened awareness, where you are able to open your mind to beneficial suggestions and where you can make use of your imagination to help make positive changes in your life.”

Professionalismas a Hypnotherapist

There are many ways in which to find a therapist. According to the BSCAH hypnosis is a procedure that can be used to facilitate therapy. However hypnosis is not a type of therapy, like psychotherapy or cognitive behavior therapy (CBT). According to many associations, one’s like BSCAH and others such as The Hypnotherapy Association conducts training in hypnotherapy. Associations differ the BSCAH states “Clinical hypnosis can only be used only by properly trained, registered and accredited health care professionals who have been trained in the clinical use of hypnosis and are working within the areas of their professional expertise.”

What It Means to be Rh Negative: Rare Blood and Pregnant Women

When a pregnant women is Rh-negative there can be complications that many women aren’t aware of. Many women are confused when they go in for a routine checkup in the first trimester to learn that they are Rh- negative.

What It Means To be Rh-Negative

An Rh-negative mother can make antibodies against Rh-positive blood cells, even against those of her own baby. When this happens it is Rh sensitization. These antibodies have the potential to cross the placenta and attack the babies’ red blood cells if some of the babies’ blood enters into the mother’s bloodstream. The mother’s immune system sees these cells as foreign and creates an immune response, which can cause anemia, congestive heart failure, hemolytic disease and even fetal death. This can all be preventable with a medicine called Rhogam.

RhogamRhogam is an injection that blocks the mother’s immune system from seeing the fetal cells. The mother then won’t make any antibodies against them. It is given to all Rh negative women whose babies might be Rh positive. The baby may be Rh-positive if the babies father is Rh-positive. If both parents are Rh-negative, they can only have Rh-negative offspring. Only a small percentage of the world’s population is Rh-negative.

When Rhogam is Given

The Rhogam injection is given at times during the pregnancy when there is a possibility of Rh-positive fetal blood getting into the mother’s bloodstream such as miscarriage, elective termination, when the mom is 26 weeks along, and after delivery. The babies’ blood type is taken at birth and if the baby is Rh-negative the Rhogam injection is not necessary.

Rh-sentization is Now RareBecause of the Rhogam injection, Rh-sentization is now quite rare. If it does occur it will be detected in routine pregnancy blood work. The first child is not usually affected. It is the pregnancies after that can become complicated if the baby is Rh-positive. Prior to 1968, before Rhogam was developed hemolytic disease was responsible for an average of 10,000 deaths annually in the U.S. For hundreds of years women with Rh-neative blood experienced losing baby after baby for no apparent reason. Many women gave birth to a healthy first child, only to experience following pregnancies that ended in miscarriage, stillbirth, or birth to babies wit anemia, jaundice, or other serious health problems.

Modern Medicine MiracleMany women today need to be thankful for modern day medicine, without it we might not be so lucky to have healthy babies. Long ago it would have been dreary news for a mother to hear that they were Rh-negative but with modern day medicine it really doesn’t even have an affect on the mother or baby.

Don’t be afraid to consult or doctor and look into other resources for more information regarding rh negative blood.

About Male Body Odor: Simple Steps to a Sweet Body Smell

In many societies, people find body odors objectionable. In Japan, body odor is a sign of illness, thus, men with bad body smell were exempted from joining the force. [Stoddart 1990]

Body odor begins with the sweat produced by the apocrine glands. The sweat is largely made up of odorless water. However, the same sweat can make a person smell bad because it contains oil, which provides food for the billions of bacteria on the human skin. Thus, the offensive body odor is the result of the feeding frenzy of the billions of harmless bacteria that thrives on the oil in the human sweat.

How People Deal with a Bad Body Odor

There are various attitudes toward bad body odor. Cultures in the middle ages sprayed strong perfumes to mask body smell. Women used flowers to freshen their surroundings. Most people take a bath to remove body odors. Some people hardly care, even if they do not agree with their body odor. In London, Robert Pattinson on his bad hygiene and pungent body odor said, “it gets to the point where even I cannot stand the air around me.” [Article: Robert Pattinson on His Body Odor by Liz Barrett, Celebrity News Examiner]

However, a pungent body aroma is not going to make a man the life of the party. Nine out of ten Australians dislike bad body odor according to AAP General News, “Body Odor Least Appealing Physical Characteristic,”. Few years ago, a man was rejected from a casino in Atlantic City because of his bad body smell. The 440-pound gambler from New York City said he understands why grossed-out gamblers complained about his body odor. [Article: Gambler Ejected From Casino Due To Body Odor © Associated Press, Wjz.com]

Home Remedies to Reduce Body Odour

Body sweat has no odor of its own. It will only begin to smell bad when bacteria begins to interact with the sweat.

Most people tend to combat armpit odor with manufactured body odor products such as body sprays or deodorants. The most common product that people use is soap because of the claim that it freshens and deodorizes the skin. Others use natural remedies that are known to slow down or stop the bacteria that gives sweat its odor. Following are natural remedies to prevent body odor.

  • Bathe. A daily bath would wash away sweat in the chest, feet, groin area, and underarms, which could encourage bacterial and fungal action. One of the effective home remedies for body odor is a mixture of four to five drops of alcohol to a mug of water to rinse the armpits. Take at least two showers per day especially during hot months when one tends to sweat more.
  • Control the sweat. Since body odor begins with sweat, controlling the volume of this body secretion will help reduce body smell. Using body antiperspirant is the best way to reduce perspiration. Most antiperspirants contain an astringent called aluminum sulfate to control sweat by closing the openings of the sweat glands. Most antiperspirants can reduce body sweat, and help keep one drier and sweet smelling for the rest of the day.
  • Home remedies like baking soda and lemon can also reduce foot odor and underarm odor. Likewise, apple cider vinegar is an effective home remedy for body odor. As a deodorant, it will reduce the pH of the skin and eliminate armpit odor. Wet the cotton balls with apple cider and then rub it on the armpits to lessen excessive sweating.
  • Modify diet. Certain foods can affect the amount of sweat that one produces. The aroma of foods like meat, spices, caffeinated drinks and alcohol can be carried in the sweat, giving off an unpleasant smell. On the other hand, a diet of fruits and vegetables can inhibit bacteria and lessen bad breath and body odors. In addition, a daily supplement of about 50 milligrams of zinc can treat body odors from the inside.
  • Wear clean, comfortable clothes. Dirty tight clothes can harbor odor-causing bacteria. Tight clothing restricts the natural flow of blood and lymphatic fluid. On the other hand, loose fitting clothes allow the body to breathe better and let sweat dry faster.

One Needs Essential Body Grooming to Prevent Odor

The body emits various odors that are distinct to the body areas. The armpits produce what people regard as the most pungent and the most offensive of all body odors. The sweat that sweeps on the body can make one have a bad body smell when bacteria start their feeding frenzy on the oil in the body sweat.

To prevent the disgusting smell, a man must practice what society considers as good grooming without fail. Wash well the groin and the armpit area with body odor products. Wear clean, comfortable clothes daily, changing to nightwear after shower before bed. If possible, stick to loosely fitting clothes to allow the skin to breathe and the sweat to dry quickly.

There is a powerful, cultural distaste for offensive body odor. Bad body smell can make one feel odd, offensive and strange—smell of the great cats, the sawdust, and the leather whip. On the other hand, a clean, fresh body scent is absolutely proper and polite, not incommode others.

Become a Whale Expert: Read, Watch and Surf the Web

Amateur naturalists can become proficient in their chosen field. Here are some ways to learn more about whales.

Read About Whales

Visit libraries and borrow everything about whales. Concentrate initially on species that are likely to be seen, their identification, distribution and behaviour.

Go Whale Watching

Reading about whales is nothing compared to watching them in the wild. A poor second to this is seeing them in aquaria or the zoo – but at least this allows very close study. Exactly what opportunities there are for seeing live whales depends very much on your location, and those living near the sea have a distinct advantage. If there are no opportunities nearby consider ‘influencing’ the choice of family holiday.

Some equipment is essential for whale watching, and a few other things are very useful. Binoculars are probably the first requirement, with a good field guide coming next. Hydrophones are a luxury, but anyone seriously interested in whales who can afford it should consider this piece of equipment, along with something to allow recordings to be made. It is difficult to use binoculars and a camera at the same time – but binoculars with a built-in camera do exist. They are neither as good as binoculars on their own, nor as a camera – but they do allow whale watchers to look and photograph at the same time.

Surf the Web

Everyone reading this article has access to the web, and locating websites and blogs about whales is a good way of seeing what is going on around the world. Try searching for exactly what you want (using the exact question you would ask a human being), and if this is not productive then simplify the question until you hit something relevant. Normally there will be forward links, and surfing away will often stumble upon ‘gems’. Do not forget to bookmark interesting stuff – it is sometimes impossible to find it again later if you do not.

Amateurs and Professionals

Many great naturalists were essentially self-taught, and in a sense all researchers are finding out for themselves. Lack of any formal training in marine biology does not mean that an amateur cannot become an expert. It is true that those with formal qualifications will initially seem more credible, but self-taught individuals can end up knowing as much as, or more than, the ‘experts’. Becoming a whale expert adds whole new dimensions to the experience of watching whales in the wild.

Become a Marine Biologist: Study and Conserve Whales and Their Environment

It is possible to become involved in Marine Biology in a number of different capacities. Academics require technicians, and amateurs can play a role.

Marine Biologists

Marine Biologists study everything that lives in the oceans. This includes all marine plants and animals, as well as micro-organisms. It also occupies itself with the ecology of these many organisms, from the study of the requirements of individual species up to the consideration of entire habitats and how they work. Most end up specialising in a single field of study, be it microscopic diatoms or enormous whales, but they all need to know about the ocean as an environment and have some understanding of oceanography (the physical, chemical and biological properties and phenomena of the sea).

Becoming a Marine Biologist

Before studying marine biology itself it is essential to have a sound grasp of Biology, Chemistry, Earth Sciences, and Physics. Maths and English are also very important. Enthusiasm is paramount and cannot be learnt – any true marine biologist will have developed an almost obsessive interest in some aspect of the subject long before he or she decides to follow this career path, and it is a good idea to consider summer courses, camps, and internships in the area. Some universities have summer residential research programs for high school students.

Marine Biology Schools

Research the institutions that specialise in teaching Marine Biology. While initial studies should concentrate on science in general (and especially Biology and Chemistry), further studies in whatever aspect of Marine Biology is intended is made so much easier if the same institution provides a route for progression. Advanced academic studies require a supervisor – an expert in the topic of interest. Again, it is good if this expert is nearby!

Study and Conserve Whales

There is enormous competition for the opportunity to work with whales, and this is one of the most ‘glamorous’ (and worthwhile?) branches of Marine Biology.

Non Academic Routes into Marine Biology

Never forget that for every research scientist there are dozens, or hundreds, of people making his or her work possible. Much whale research, for example, is dependent on instrumentation (satellite tracking, hydrophone recording, photography), and competent technicians are essential. Most Marine Biologists don’t know how their gear works – they just rely on it and the people who keep it functioning!

Amateur Contributions to Marine Biology

In the past all Marine Biologists were self-taught amateurs, and research is always about ‘finding out for yourself’. If, for whatever reason, a career working as a Marine Biologist is not feasible then pursues your enthusiasm nevertheless – amateur naturalists make a huge contribution to science.

Amateur Plankton Nets: Capture Marine Planktonic Organisms to Watch or Photograph Swimming

Suitable specifications for an amateur marine plankton net require that the shape and mesh size are carefully considered.

Towing a net behind a boat, lowering it over the side, or simply throwing it into the sea from the shore and then dragging it in will capture marine plankton. There are standard designs for plankton nets, and mesh size determines what will be caught. Once captured, plankton can be kept alive for a short while in a vacuum flask which will stop the sea-water warming up too quickly.

Standard Design of Plankton Nets

All plankton nets are conical in shape, with mouth to length ratios of from 1:3 to 1:5. Small nets (five to eight inches in diameter and 15-20 inches long) are suitable for the amateur.

The mouth is held open by a rigid circular ring, and pulled through the water on a single line which ends in a three-piece ‘bridle’ where it attaches to the mouth-ring.

The netting is always made from ‘Nitex’ (a registered trademark). This nylon netting is treated so that the square mesh openings of known dimensions remain constant whatever you are doing with the net.

The pointy end of the net has a PVC collecting bottle (or ‘bucket’) which is easily detachable – this is where the captured animals end up.

Mesh Sizes of Plankton Nets

Smaller mesh sizes catch most things. A ‘small’ mesh of 80 microns (a micron, or micrometre is one thousandth of a millimetre) will catch larger phytoplankton and everything bigger than that. These nets tend to fill up fast!

‘Coarse’ mesh of 363 microns lets all the phytoplankton and many smaller zooplankton through – retaining only the larger animals.

For the amateur a ‘medium’ mesh size of 153 microns is best since it lets microscopic organisms through and keeps everything visible to the naked eye.

Keeping Plankton Alive to Observe Later

Planktonic plants and animals (such as copepods ) are very sensitive to temperature change and will die rapidly if the water begins to warm up. This is not a problem if they are to be observed immediately, but if the idea is to make a few hauls and the take the whole sample to a place where the living animals are to be observed and maybe photographed later, then they need to be kept at a constant temperature. Any sort of vacuum flask will do this, but for use in the field a stainless steel vacuum flask is highly recommended.

Once the captured animals have arrived at the place where they are going to be looked at they can be poured or pipetted into a small flat glass dish (Petri dish recommended) on top of a black card. Oblique lighting will help make them visible against this dark background (but will quickly cook them). A hand lens (X10) is very useful at this stage. Photographing planktonic animals is a challenge, and videoing them even more so!