How is a Breast Lift Different from Breast Augmentation?

Breast lift surgery and breast augmentation are two diverse plastic surgery procedures. Many women tend to confuse between the two. Both procedures are meant to serve different purposes, even though the overall goal in both cases is common – to enhance the appearance of the patient.

Re-shaping with Breast lift

Breast lifts are meant to improve the shape and position of the breasts, and make them appear more youthful. Breast surgery in this case involves an incision to remove the excess skin that is hanging loose, and causing the breasts to droop or sag. Along with the skin excision, the position of the nipples is also usually changed to make the breasts appear firmer, younger and uplifted.

The most common method of breast mastopexy or breast lift involves making an anchor-shaped incision. This incision is made in the crease that forms beneath the breasts, and extends around the nipple areola complex. A skilled breast surgeon makes sure that the incision is made in such a way that the scar remains hidden been the breast crease as far as possible.

Breast Implants and the Cost of Surgery

Breast augmentation involves enlargement or enhancement of the breast size by inserting artificial breast implant in each breast. Silicone implants are popularly used, but saline implants are also opted by those who are looking for a cheaper cost of implant. Breast implants add volume to the breasts, and make them appear fuller, firmer and younger.

Breast augmentation surgery is considerably more expensive than a breast lift. The implant costs are high, and the procedure of breast augmentation is also more elaborate and complex as compared to breast lift. The recovery period in case of breast augmentation is also longer. The cost of surgery may also vary from one state to another and also one plastic surgeon to another.

Complementary Breast Surgeries

Breast lift and breast enlargement or breast implant surgeries are different from each other, but they also complement each other. In some cases, the cosmetic surgeon will recommend both procedures for the same patient where the patient not only has smaller sized breasts, but also suffers from sagging or loose skin around the breasts. In such cases, the best results can be achieved when both procedures are performed on the patient.

A note of caution: It is always advisable to choose a qualified, board certified and experienced plastic surgeon with a perfect safety record. At the same time, it is best to have the procedure in a certified facility for such surgeries to achieve safe and desired results.


The Cause, Diagnosis and Treatment of Scoliosis

Scoliosis is a deformity of the spine which cases the spine to rotate and to curve. It not only results in physical problems, but research has suggested that these patients often have poor self-esteem and can suffer back pain. Some forms of scoliosis are thought to be genetic and appear to run in families. It is not a single disease, but can be associated with other syndromes or a symptom of other diseases.

How Scoliosis is Diagnosed?

The first signs of scoliosis are usually small changes in the person’s physical appearance. This can include: a hip that appears more prominent and higher than the other hip, shoulders which are not at the same height, rib cage at different height and others. If scoliosis is suspected then a physician or orthopedic specialist should be consulted.

Scoliosis can be confirmed by x-ray, CT scan, MRI scan and if the curve is confirmed the curvature will be measured. Patients who are also complaining of pain may have a bone scan. The patient will have their reflexes checked along with an examination to look for any loss in motor or sensory function. Scoliosis can affect the ability of the lungs, so breathing will be assessed.

Causes of Scoliosis

Congenital scoliosis is usually detected during an ultrasound scan in pregnancy. The baby will show signs of a deformed spine. A study in 1993 “Anomalies Associated with Vertebral Malformations” suggests that 60 percent of these babies will have other deformities. Idiopathic scoliosis is the most common form of scoliosis occurring at any age and accounting for 80 percent of cases. The most common form is found in adolescents and may run in families.

Scoliosis can also be caused by a number of different syndromes such as Marfan syndrome, Duchene muscular dystrophy. Injury, tumors, and infections may also result in scoliosis. Further in the elderly it may be caused by degenerative changes in the spine caused by diseases such as osteoarthritis.

Treatment of Scoliosis

Treatment will depend on the cause of the scoliosis, age of the patient, the curvature and if there are other medical problems. Non-surgical treatments include observational or wearing a brace. The doctor may decide to monitor the patient and wait with regular x-rays to determine if the curve progresses. There are many variations and types of brace used for scoliosis. It remains unclear if there is any difference between wearing the brace for part-time or full-time. Many adolescents are poor at complying with wearing a brace. Research also suggests that many adolescents find wearing a brace stressful and lowers their self esteem.

Surgery is usually only performed on patients whose curvature is progressing. The Mayo Clinic suggests that surgery is recommended when the curve is greater than 40 to 50 degrees. Surgery involves straightening and fusing of the spine. The type of surgery will depend on the position of the curve and the degree of curvature. The surgery is complex. There is always a risk of complications, such as infection, nerve damage, failure to fuse vertebra and pain.

Improved techniques are improving the care and quality of life for these patients. Research is currently underway to determine markers that will predict progression of the curve and to determine inheritance.

How to Avoid Swine Flu

Swine Flu or the H1N1 virus is a fast spreading influenza that spreads from person-to-person through the cough or sneeze of infected people.

While swine flu is curable, a far better option is taking adequate steps to prevent its occurrence. Infants and young children, pregnant women, and people with weak immunity and other health disorders such as asthma and lung disease are more suspectible to Swine Flu and hence should take precautions.

How to Prevent Swine Flu Spread by Isolation

The basic precaution against swine flu is preventing the germs from spreading. The infected person need to cover the nose and mouth with a tissue when sneezing or coughing, and throw the tissue to the waste basket. This basic precaution blocks the major source of transmission of the swine flu germs.

Staying at home when sick, following public health advice regarding school closures, avoiding crowds and other social distancing measures when the virus is rampant all contribute towards checking the spread of this virus.

How to Prevent Swine Flu Spread by Cleanness

At times the germs that emit from a sick persons cough or sneeze settles down in objects such as utensils, and transmitted when another person touches the object. Washing utensils with alcohol based cleaners, and hands thoroughly soap and water before eating are the basic precautions against swine flu. Avoiding touching eyes, nose or mouth even after washing is an added precaution against swine flu.

Other precautions against swine flu include

  • avoiding public facilities that are prone to have swine flu germs
  • avoiding crowds
  • thoroughly cleaning fruits and vegetables immediately before consumption

How to Prevent Swine Flu Spread by Boosting Immunity

People with weak immunity are more suspectible to the swine flu virus. The bodies immunity system weakens with less sleep, poor dietary habits and stress. Ways to boost immunity include:

  • sleeping eight hours a day
  • consumption of a nutritious diet rich in whole grains and vegetables
  • avoiding greasy and fatty foods
  • taking Vitamin C supplements
  • drinking up to ten glasses of water a day that would flush out toxic impurities and help develop mucus in the nostrils that would keep the germs out
  • leading an active lifestyle with plenty of exercises and workouts
  • The symptoms of swine flu bear resemblance to regular flu, and it is important not to mistake the fever as regular flu.

Finally, although swine flu is a serious disease, there is nothing to panic. Prompt and proper treatment can cure the disease, and statistics indicate that the death rate from swine flu is much less than the death rate from many other commonplace diseases. Vaccination is now available for H1N1, making this disease a far lesser threat in the coming years.

Makeup for Rosacea is as Important as Medicine

Rosacea is a disorder of the skin. According to the National Rosacea Society, it primarily occurs between the ages of 30 to 60. Although it generally appears on the face, it can also appear on the chest or neck. The cause is not actually known, and may be genetic, because it appears most often on those who have fair skin and blush easily.

Rosacea and Appearance

Persons who have rosacea have bright red patches of skin, often with pimple-like bumps and sometimes the appearance of tiny veins. Unfortunately, it appears most often on the face – on the skin of the cheeks, nose and chin. In extreme cases, the skin of the nose may thicken and become deformed, and the eyes can appear watery and bloodshot.

Medical Treatment of Rosacea

There is no known cause or cure for rosacea, but dermatologists give patients oral and topical medications, depending on the type and severity of the disease. This can slow the progression of the disease and relieve burning and stinging that can accompany the rash. There are also herbal remedies, such as jojoba oil, which may soothe symptoms.

The Importance of Makeup for Rosacea

Rosacea can be described as the “acne of middle age.” Like acne, it causes disfigurement that can negatively affect one’s career and social life. Rosacea is thought to be caused by alcoholism, so it bears an additional social stigma. The need to conceal rosacea with makeup is very important to those who suffer from the disease.

Tips on Buying Make-up for Rosacea

Cosmetics may aggravate the condition. The National Rosacea Society recommends the following for safe skin care:

  1. Avoid cosmetics that contain alcohol, witch hazel, menthol, peppermint, clove, or eucalyptus oil.
  2. Use fragrance-free products; the ingredients in fragrances commonly cause allergic reactions.
  3. The product should be labeled “allergy tested;” “hypoallergenic” is not clearly defined.
  4. UV protection is an essential component of skin care products for rosacea.
  5. Use multi-purpose products to reduce the number of cosmetics on the skin.
  6. Use a brush, rather than a sponge, to reduce skin irritation.
  7. Concealer and foundation should be anti-bacterial.
  8. Clean the brush after each application of make-up.

Green Concealer is Key to Rosacea Makeup

Fortunately, there are make-up products from trusted lines of cosmetics that are designed to conceal the red color that draws attention to rosacea. Concealers with the color green counter-act the color red. Green concealer can be found both in lotion and in powder form.

How to Apply Makeup for Rosacea

First, the Rosacea Society emphasizes gently washing the face. It is advised that persons who have rosacea clean with non-soap lotions. If your facial skin is oily, use very gentle soap and rinse with lukewarm and not hot water. The skin should be dried by means of blotting – not rubbing – with a soft cotton towel.

The second step in hiding redness and visible blood vessels is to apply a green concealer, which can be a lotion or powder. The concealer is applied by brushing directly onto each affected area and then blending for a smooth look. Bumps can be dabbed directly with concealer and then blended in with foundation.

Finally, the Rosacea Society recommends oil free foundation, either cream or powder, to provide a seamless look. It should match the natural skin color as closely as possible. Foundation should be applied lightly, starting in the center and blending outward. Use broad strokes for large areas of the face and thin strokes using the side of the brush for hairline, eyes, nose, and mouth.

Recommended Makeup Products for Rosacea

The Rosacea Society prefers mineral powders because they contain few ingredients. These products usually come with powder foundation that further hides redness. Two examples of this type of product are called “Powder Finish Concealer” and “Color Correcting Foundation Primer in Green.”

According to Marie Claire, “The Best Products for Rosacea,” © Hearst Communication, Inc., of a list of ten, the number one recommended product is “Daily Perfecting Lotion,” an inexpensive lotion that covers a large area of skin. Second is “Anti-redness Skincare Lotion.” Number five is a mineral powder, called “Everyday Minerals Mint Color Correcting Concealer.” Eight is a gentle cleanser called “Rosaclear.” Other products mentioned cost in excess of $50 to $100 for a small tube, while the mineral powder costs only $8.00 (also for a very small amount).

Importance of Makeup for Rosacea

The availability of makeup to cover the redness of rosacea is an important advance in the cosmetic industry for those who suffer from rosacea. Makeup is equal to medicine in the treatment of rosacea, because it helps patients attain acceptance and regain their self-esteem.

What is Hypothyroidism?

One of the most important glands in the human body is called the thyroid gland. Shaped like a butterfly and located right under the Adam’s apple on the neck, this gland is responsible for producing thyroid hormones. When this gland fails to produce the right amount of thyroid hormone needed by the body, a condition called hypothyroidism occurs.

What is Hypothyroidism?

Hypothyroidism is a common disorder affecting the thyroid gland. This is a health condition where the thyroid gland produces an abnormally low amount of thyroid hormones. The thyroid hormones are essential for the normal functioning of the body. They play a vital role in many body processes, including growth and development, metabolism, mental development, and many other cellular processes. Once the required amount of thyroid hormones are not produced by the thyroid gland, a number of unpleasant consequences may take effect in the body.

What are the Possible Results or Symptoms of Hypothyroidism?

Hypothyroidism may result to a number of abnormality in the body processes. If left untreated, it may result to a number of health problems. Some symptoms of hypothyroidism that may be noticeable in individuals having this disorder include the following:

  • loss of appetite
  • thinning hair
  • slight weight gain. Although the disorder may cause weight gain, this may not be a cause of obesity in many people.
  • difficulty in losing weight
  • carpal tunnel syndrome
  • depression
  • fluid retention which may lead to swelling or puffiness of the face, eyes, hands, limbs, feet, and ankles
  • worse menstrual cramps
  • goiter
  • slow heart rate
  • paresthesia
  • declining memory
  • cold intolerance
  • coarse and brittle hair
  • drier skin
  • lack of energy and/or fatigue
  • hoarse voice
  • loss of hearing
  • increased levels of cholesterol

These are only some of the many problems that may be experienced by people suffering from hypothyroidism. There are still quite a number of health conditions that may result from the disorder. These symptoms, though, may also be signs of other forms of diseases. Therefore, it is proper to seek the help of a specialist once any of these symptoms are noticed. The physician will make proper examinations and diagnosis on whether the symptoms noticed are signs of hypothyroidism or not.

What Are the Causes of Hypothyroidism?

There are a number of factors that may be responsible for the occurrence of hypothyroidism in people. The most common cause of this disease is attributable to problems occurring in the thyroid gland. Other factors that may lead to this disorder include the following:

  • problem in the brain and/or pituitary gland or hypothalamic disease
  • pituitary damage or injury
  • autoimmune diseases
  • radiation
  • Hashimoto’s thyroiditis
  • subacute thyroiditis
  • surgical treatment of thyroid tumors
  • postpartum thyroiditis
  • certain types of medicines
  • not enough or too much iodine
  • disorders affecting the thyroid gland
  • lymphocytic thyroiditis
  • congenital problems concerning the placement of the thyroid in newborn babies

Who Is At Risk of Hypothyroidism?

All people are at risk of hypothyroidism. This disorder can affect people regardless of age, gender, and walk of life. It affects people from around the world. Women, though, may be more prone to having this disease than men. Asians and people from the white races also have higher risks of contracting this disorder.

Factors that may likely put people more at risk of this disorder include the following:

  • heredity: Hypothyroidism may be in the genes of some people.
  • old age. Older people have higher chances of getting this disorder.
  • automimmune disorder
  • bipolar disease
  • Turner’s syndrome or Down’s syndrome
  • pregnancy
  • menopause
  • giving birth

People who suspect they have thyroidism must consult their doctors as soon as possible before the disorder has reached to a higher level. Early detection and treatment of this disease may prevent people from suffering any of the symptoms and complications of this illness.

Lead Poisoning: Reducing Risk and Minimizing Exposure

The effects of lead are cumulative, and build up in the body over the course of a lifetime. It is vital to do everything possible to reduce or eliminate exposure to this toxic metal, as it is believed to be a main contributor to Alzheimer’s disease, fertility issues in both men and women, and ADD/ADHD.

Common Products Containing Lead

Approximately 40% of American households contain lead in some form or another – from lead paint, to lead pipes, to the water that travels through those lead pipes. In addition to household exposure to lead, there are literally millions of ways the average person is exposed to lead during his/her lifetime: Some products that may carry toxic levels of lead are:

  • coffee machines
  • the colored ink on plastic grocery bags
  • bathtubs
  • newspapers, books, and magazines
  • lunchboxes
  • vinyl baby bibs
  • Christmas lights
  • lipstick
  • tobacco
  • hair dye
  • wrapping paper
  • chocolate

Lead Content in Imported Products

While products made in America must adhere to strict regulations regarding lead content, it is important to remember that the average American may use very few products that are actually produced under those guidelines. Our supermarket aisles are flooded with inexpensive products made overseas, and some of these products are literally poisonous. When in doubt, steer clear of cheaply made products manufactured in countries that have less stringent lead laws.

Lead in the Home

The US Consumer Product Safety Commission has stated, unequivocally, that there is simply no safe way for home owners to sand, scrape, or otherwise remove lead paint from their homes. If lead paint is suspected in the home, it is important to hire a professional when doing anything that may release lead into the environment. A professional will know how to seal the work area and dispose of all lead debris in a way that minimizes potential harm. In this age of do-it-yourself projects it may seem like a silly precaution to hire a professional to scrape old paint off the walls, but lead is one are where it simply does to pay to cut corners.

Natural Lead Detox

Fortunately there are some natural ways to remove lead from the body. Here are some great detoxifying agents that will provide great results in only a matter of weeks:

  • fresh cilantro
  • carlic
  • chlorella – a type of green algae
  • soaking feet in a clay bath
  • infrared saunas

When performing a lead detox, it is important to do so slowly, and over time. First and foremost, lead is a poison, and while it may be tempting to try and rid the body of this poison as quickly as possible, it is important not to overload the system by doing too much too soon.

Avoiding lead entirely may be all but impossible, but learning to recognize and sidestep the types of products that tend to be the most toxic is the first step in protecting ourselves from this deadly metal.

Hypnotic Trance States can Work for Everyone: Some Believe Hypnotherapy Works for Stress and Panic Attacks

The British Society of Clinical and Academic Hypnosis (BSCAH) in the UK shows a detailed history of hypnosis, but also outlines the types of conditions, which can be helped. Hypnosis is generally considered to be a useful form of treatment especially during childbirth, stress, anxiety, weight loss, panic attacks and irrational fears. The BSCAH would consider that hypnosis essentially involves creating a state of mind in which normal thinking is suspended temporarily. In 1966 John Hartland wrote a book titled Medical and Dental Hypnosis and was directed specifically for the medical profession.

The History of Hypnosis

The Hypnotherapist Register of UK and Ireland talk about the use of trance states being traced back to before Christ in the temples of Babylonia (now Iraq), part of the ancient empire of Mesopotamia. Mesopotamia (known as the land between the rivers) was a cultural and scientific area with a highly developed civilization, where the people would instigate dreaming to find answers to problems.

The Science of Trance Hypnotic States

The modern day science of hypnosis established itself when the Austrian Anton Mesmer (1734-1815) discovered a technique, which often induced convulsions, but also a loss of mental and physical control in his patients, However according to David Simmons who writes for the BSCAH modern hypnosis was discovered and practiced in1600 and by the mid 19th century a number of doctors were experimenting with what was being termed as autosuggestion. One such psychiatrist, Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) found hypnosis very useful with anxious, neurotic patients.

From Trance to Magic With Hypnosis

There is the more magical and natural style of hypnosis with a Milton H. Erickson (1902-80), a psychiatrist who later became a hypnotherapist. This brilliant man transformed how human reaction to stress and deep-rooted problems were addressed, by using a creative type of hypnosis others had never used. Milton H. Erickson is generally considered to be the most important hypnotherapist of modern time. His sensory perception on all levels of non-verbal communication became extremely acute; some would say magical! His heightened level of awareness helped him later when he invented non-conventional Ericksonian Hypnosis.

Indirect Verses Direct Hypnosis

The indirect approach known as Erickson hypnotherapy uses stories and metaphors, which tend to relax people into a sense of curiosity. The client slowly closes their eyes, mainly because he or she wants to absorb and listen to the story. According to The Hypnotherapy Association (UK) “Hypnosis is a natural state of heightened awareness, where you are able to open your mind to beneficial suggestions and where you can make use of your imagination to help make positive changes in your life.”

Professionalismas a Hypnotherapist

There are many ways in which to find a therapist. According to the BSCAH hypnosis is a procedure that can be used to facilitate therapy. However hypnosis is not a type of therapy, like psychotherapy or cognitive behavior therapy (CBT). According to many associations, one’s like BSCAH and others such as The Hypnotherapy Association conducts training in hypnotherapy. Associations differ the BSCAH states “Clinical hypnosis can only be used only by properly trained, registered and accredited health care professionals who have been trained in the clinical use of hypnosis and are working within the areas of their professional expertise.”